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Tests in the browser might fail inconsistently due to their asynchronous nature. Because of this, it is important to have a way to guarantee that assertions succeed even if the condition is delayed (by a timeout, network request, or animation, for example). For this purpose, Vitest provides retriable assertions out of the box via the expect.poll and expect.element APIs:

import { expect, test } from 'vitest'
import { screen } from '@testing-library/dom'

test('error banner is rendered', async () => {

  // @testing-library provides queries with built-in retry-ability
  // It will try to find the banner until it's rendered
  const banner = await screen.findByRole('alert', {
    name: /error/i,

  // Vitest provides `expect.element` with built-in retry-ability
  // It will check `element.textContent` until it's equal to "Error!"
  await expect.element(banner).toHaveTextContent('Error!')


expect.element is a shorthand for expect.poll(() => element) and works in exactly the same way.

toHaveTextContent and all other @testing-library/jest-dom assertions are still available on a regular expect without a built-in retry-ability mechanism:

// will fail immediately if .textContent is not `'Error!'`

Released under the MIT License.