Skip to content
On this page

Features

Shared config between test, dev and build

Vite's config, transformers, resolvers, and plugins. Use the same setup from your app to run the tests.

Learn more at Configuring Vitest.

Watch Mode

bash
$ vitest
$ vitest

When you modify your source code or the test files, Vitest smartly searches the module graph and only reruns the related tests, just like how HMR works in Vite!

vitest starts in watch mode by default in development environment and run mode in CI environment (when process.env.CI presents) smartly. You can use vitest watch or vitest run to explicitly specify the desired mode.

Common web idioms out-of-the-box

Out-of-the-box ES Module / TypeScript / JSX support / PostCSS

Threads

Workers multi-threading via Tinypool (a lightweight fork of Piscina), allowing tests to run simultaneously. Threads are enabled by default in Vitest, and can be disabled by passing --no-threads in the CLI.

Vitest also isolates each file's environment so env mutations in one file don't affect others. Isolation can be disabled by passing --no-isolate to the CLI (trading correctness for run performance).

Test Filtering

Vitest provided many ways to narrow down the tests to run in order to speed up testing so you can focus on development.

Learn more about Test Filtering.

Running tests concurrently

Use .concurrent in consecutive tests to run them in parallel.

ts
import { describe, it } from 'vitest'

// The two tests marked with concurrent will be run in parallel
describe('suite', () => {
  it('serial test', async () => { /* ... */ })
  it.concurrent('concurrent test 1', async () => { /* ... */ })
  it.concurrent('concurrent test 2', async () => { /* ... */ })
})
import { describe, it } from 'vitest'

// The two tests marked with concurrent will be run in parallel
describe('suite', () => {
  it('serial test', async () => { /* ... */ })
  it.concurrent('concurrent test 1', async () => { /* ... */ })
  it.concurrent('concurrent test 2', async () => { /* ... */ })
})

If you use .concurrent on a suite, every test in it will be run in parallel.

ts
import { describe, it } from 'vitest'

// All tests within this suite will be run in parallel
describe.concurrent('suite', () => {
  it('concurrent test 1', async () => { /* ... */ })
  it('concurrent test 2', async () => { /* ... */ })
  it.concurrent('concurrent test 3', async () => { /* ... */ })
})
import { describe, it } from 'vitest'

// All tests within this suite will be run in parallel
describe.concurrent('suite', () => {
  it('concurrent test 1', async () => { /* ... */ })
  it('concurrent test 2', async () => { /* ... */ })
  it.concurrent('concurrent test 3', async () => { /* ... */ })
})

You can also use .skip, .only, and .todo with concurrent suites and tests. Read more in the API Reference.

Snapshot

Jest-compatible snapshot support.

ts
import { expect, it } from 'vitest'

it('renders correctly', () => {
  const result = render()
  expect(result).toMatchSnapshot()
})
import { expect, it } from 'vitest'

it('renders correctly', () => {
  const result = render()
  expect(result).toMatchSnapshot()
})

Learn more at Snapshot.

Chai and Jest expect compatibility

Chai is built-in for assertions plus Jest expect-compatible APIs.

Notice that if you are using third-party libraries that add matchers, setting test.globals to true will provide better compatibility.

Mocking

Tinyspy is built-in for mocking with jest-compatible APIs on vi object.

ts
import { expect, vi } from 'vitest'

const fn = vi.fn()

fn('hello', 1)

expect(vi.isMockFunction(fn)).toBe(true)
expect(fn.mock.calls[0]).toEqual(['hello', 1])

fn.mockImplementation(arg => arg)

fn('world', 2)

expect(fn.mock.results[1].value).toBe('world')
import { expect, vi } from 'vitest'

const fn = vi.fn()

fn('hello', 1)

expect(vi.isMockFunction(fn)).toBe(true)
expect(fn.mock.calls[0]).toEqual(['hello', 1])

fn.mockImplementation(arg => arg)

fn('world', 2)

expect(fn.mock.results[1].value).toBe('world')

Vitest supports both happy-dom or jsdom for mocking DOM and browser APIs. They don't come with Vitest, you might need to install them:

bash
$ npm i -D happy-dom
# or
$ npm i -D jsdom
$ npm i -D happy-dom
# or
$ npm i -D jsdom

After that, change the environment option in your config file:

ts
// vite.config.ts
import { defineConfig } from 'vitest/config'

export default defineConfig({
  test: {
    environment: 'happy-dom', // or 'jsdom', 'node'
  },
})
// vite.config.ts
import { defineConfig } from 'vitest/config'

export default defineConfig({
  test: {
    environment: 'happy-dom', // or 'jsdom', 'node'
  },
})

Learn more at Mocking.

Coverage

Vitest supports Native code coverage via c8 and instrumented code coverage via istanbul.

json
{
  "scripts": {
    "test": "vitest",
    "coverage": "vitest run --coverage"
  }
}
{
  "scripts": {
    "test": "vitest",
    "coverage": "vitest run --coverage"
  }
}

Learn more at Coverage.

In-source testing

Vitest also provides a way to run tests within your source code along with the implementation, similar to Rust's module tests.

This makes the tests share the same closure as the implementations and able to test against private states without exporting. Meanwhile, it also brings the feedback loop closer for development.

ts
// src/index.ts

// the implementation
export function add(...args: number[]) {
  return args.reduce((a, b) => a + b, 0)
}

// in-source test suites
if (import.meta.vitest) {
  const { it, expect } = import.meta.vitest
  it('add', () => {
    expect(add()).toBe(0)
    expect(add(1)).toBe(1)
    expect(add(1, 2, 3)).toBe(6)
  })
}
// src/index.ts

// the implementation
export function add(...args: number[]) {
  return args.reduce((a, b) => a + b, 0)
}

// in-source test suites
if (import.meta.vitest) {
  const { it, expect } = import.meta.vitest
  it('add', () => {
    expect(add()).toBe(0)
    expect(add(1)).toBe(1)
    expect(add(1, 2, 3)).toBe(6)
  })
}

Learn more at In-source testing.

Benchmarking experimental

Since Vitest 0.23.0, you can run benchmark tests with bench function via Tinybench to compare performance results.

ts
import { bench, describe } from 'vitest'

describe('sort', () => {
  bench('normal', () => {
    const x = [1, 5, 4, 2, 3]
    x.sort((a, b) => {
      return a - b
    })
  })

  bench('reverse', () => {
    const x = [1, 5, 4, 2, 3]
    x.reverse().sort((a, b) => {
      return a - b
    })
  })
})
import { bench, describe } from 'vitest'

describe('sort', () => {
  bench('normal', () => {
    const x = [1, 5, 4, 2, 3]
    x.sort((a, b) => {
      return a - b
    })
  })

  bench('reverse', () => {
    const x = [1, 5, 4, 2, 3]
    x.reverse().sort((a, b) => {
      return a - b
    })
  })
})

Released under the MIT License.